Tramadol- A drug to relieve pain
A narcotic-like pain-relieving medicine, Tramadol belongs to the group of drugs known as opioid agonists. It is prescribed as a pain reliever treatment for moderate to severe pain in adults. It is mandatory to have a doctor's prescription when buying Tramadol. To relieve pain around-the-clock, Tramadol extended-release tablets and capsules are used as a medication.
Tramadol and it’s working
Tramadol works by changing how the brain and the nervous system senses pain. Just like endorphins, Tramadol binds to receptors in the brain that decrease the sense of pain perceived by the body, sent through the brain.
Precautions to take while taking Tramadol
Before taking this medicine, inform your doctor if you are allergic to Tramadol or any other similar drug. You need to make your doctor aware if you have any of the following:
- a blockage in your stomach or intestines
- kidney or lung disease
- recently used alcohol, sedatives, tranquilizers, or narcotic medications
- mental illness
- suicidal thoughts or attempt
- severe asthma
- breathing problems
What are the contraindications of using Tramadol?
Your doctor would not recommend taking Tramadol in any of the following cases:
- If a child is younger than 12 years old.
- If the child lies anywhere between age ranges of 12-18 years and has experineced conditions that may cause breathing problems.
- If a child is younger than 18 years old and has recently had surgery to remove his or her tonsils or adenoids.
- If you are on any medication which may have a drug reaction with Tramadol
- In the case of a breastfeeding mother
Tramadol and drug interactions
Taking Tramadol when already on MAO inhibitors may cause a serious or fatal drug interaction. It is recommended not to take MAO inhibitors during treatment with this medication. MAO inhibitors like linezolid, isocarboxazid, moclobemide, phenelzine, methylene blue, rasagiline, procarbazine, tranylcypromine, safinamide, selegiline. It is also be avoided to take most MAO inhibitors for two weeks before treatment while taking Tramadol.
When taking this medication while you are also taking other drugs that increase serotonin, the risk of serotonin toxicity or syndrome increases.
Other medications like azole antifungals (such as itraconazole), HIV drugs (such as ritonavir), quinidine, rifamycins (such as rifampin), macrolide antibiotics (such as erythromycin, drugs used to treat seizures (such as carbamazepine) can affect the removal of this medication from your body and may affect how this drug works.
Some products like pain medications including mixed opioid agonist-antagonists such as nalbuphine, pentazocine, butorphanol, and naltrexone may interact with Tramadol.
Tramadol overdose- Is it dangerous?
Due to its habit-forming properties, consumption of Tramadol for a longer time and more significant amounts than prescribed can be addictive. Therefore it is usually not recommended in people who have had a history of drug abuse or addiction. Misuse of this drug can lead to death and so selling or buying it without any prescription is not allowed and is considered a legal offense.
Suddenly stopping with a dose of Tramadol after prolonged usage and a heavy dose may result in severe and unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. It is mandatory to report to the doctor in case of an emergency.
What are the side effects of Tramadol?
Tramadol is usually well tolerated. Very rarely, it may give rise to specific side effects, which are temporary and can be manageable. These side effects include:
In rare cases, some patients have been reported to have seizures when taking Tramadol. Such cases are serious can turn to be fatal or dangerous if not taken care of in time. Call for an emergency and reach for a doctor immediately in such a case.
Tramadol and its availability
For children, your doctor would recommend a dosage of 10-15 mg/kg 4-6 hourly. In children, the prescribed dosage may range between 50-100 mg to be taken orally. It is not mandatory to take Tramadol with food and on can take it according to suitability, with or without food, but you have to make sure that you take it the same way each time. But in case of nausea, it is recommended to take this drug along with food.
Tramadol is available as extended-release tablets in the strengths of 100mg, 200 mg, and 300 mg. You can get Tramadol 50 mg in the form of immediate-release tablets. Extended-release capsules in the dosage 100 mg, 200 mg, and 300 mg are available. You can buy Tramadol online as well as on the local drug stores. Tramadol is sold in the market with brand names Ultram, Ultram ER, and Conzip in different potencies. Ultram ER has Tramadol 100 mg.
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